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Problems might last into early adulthood, study suggests

Source: Harsh Parenting May Harm a Child’s Physical Health

Harsh parenting may leave more than psychological scars, it might also leave lasting physical problems — such as obesity — even into young adulthood, new research suggests.

And having one kind, caring parent doesn’t seem to counteract the effects of the harsh parent.

“Harshness, as we measured it, is always bad for kids. But it is particularly bad if the adolescent perceives high levels of warmth and support from the other parent,” said study lead author Thomas Schofield.

The researchers defined “harsh” parenting as angry, hostile and antisocial.

Until now, “we did not know if parenting that was harsh — while not falling into the category of abuse — could predict physical health,” said Schofield, an assistant professor of human development and family studies at Iowa State University.

Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research

Source: Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research

The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking by experts at the University of Texas at Austin and the University of Michigan.

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Narcissistic Parenting.

Children of narcissistic parents can be shamed and rejected, as in the above case, and subsequently grow up to be adults with low self-esteem and feelings of inadequacy. They can also end up being quite dependent on the parent (which is what the parent unconsciously wants) and never be able to individuate–that is, establish an independent and true self. The degree of inadequacy and dependence depends on the severity of the narcissism of the parent. They may have trouble establishing friendships or love relationships and always be comparing themselves unfavorably with others (as they learned to do with their parents).